Content provided by: Tiffani Ghere, Clinical Pediatric Dietitian
A food allergy is an immune system response. It occurs when the body mistakes an ingredient in food -- usually a protein – for a harmful substance, and creates a defense system (antibodies) to fight it. Food allergy symptoms develop when the antibodies are battling the "invading" food. The most common food allergies are peanuts, tree nuts (such as walnuts, pecans, and almonds), fish and shellfish, milk, eggs, soy products, and wheat.
Unlike a food allergy, food intolerance is a digestive system response. It occurs when something in a food irritates a person's digestive system, or when someone is unable to properly digest or breakdown a particular food. Intolerance to lactose, which is found in milk and other dairy products, is the most common example of this condition.
- Rash or hives
- Stomach pain
- Itchy skin
- Shortness of breath
- Chest pain
- Swelling of the airways to the lungs
- Stomach pain
- Gas, cramps, bloating
Celiac disease is a condition where the body creates an immune reaction to gluten, found in wheat products. It is diagnosed by an M.D. via a biopsy and /or blood test. Even though many people test negative for celiac disease, they may still experience discomfort when consuming foods containing wheat, such as common wheat flour. There are many wheat- and gluten-free products on the market, but using alternatives to wheat from whole foods can offer both a solution and excellent nutrition.
Corn or maize
Garfava (garbanzo + fava bean mix)
Legumes (dried beans)
Oats* (Bob’s Red Mill Oats and Cream Hill Estates)